NFIP Risk Rating 2.0: What We Know Right Now
FEMA plans to enact its new NFIP Risk Rating 2.0 flood risk rating structure with new policies on Oct. 1, 2021.
FEMA is updating the National Flood Insurance Program‘s (NFIP) risk rating methodology through the implementation of a new pricing methodology called NFIP Risk Rating 2.0. The methodology leverages industry best practices and cutting-edge technology to enable FEMA to deliver rates that are actuarily sound, equitable, easier to understand and better reflect a property’s flood risk.
The move to Risk Rating 2.0 will be implemented in two phases:
New policies beginning Oct. 1, 2021, will be subject to the new rating methodology. Also beginning Oct. 1, existing policyholders eligible for renewal will be able to take advantage of immediate decreases in their premiums.
All remaining policies renewing on or after April 1, 2022, will be subject to the new rating methodology.
The team at Wright Flood is constantly reviewing the most up to date NFIP information to ensure we’re on top of everything that’s happening in the flood insurance world. With that in mind, we’re sharing FEMA’s NFIP Risk Rating 2.0 FAQs* with you, so you understand how the system will affect your ability to purchase flood insurance.
Why FEMA is Undertaking Risk Rating 2.0?
FEMA is committed to building a culture of preparedness across the nation. Purchasing flood insurance is the first line of defense against flood damage and a step toward a quicker recovery following a flood.
Since the 1970s, rates have been predominantly based on relatively static measurements, emphasizing a property’s elevation within a zone on a Flood Insurance Rate Map (FIRM).
This approach does not incorporate as many flooding variables as Risk Rating 2.0. Risk Rating 2.0 is not just a minor improvement, but a transformational leap forward. Risk Rating 2.0 enables FEMA to set rates that are fairer and ensures rate increases and decreases are both equitable.
FEMA is building on years of investment in flood hazard information by incorporating private sector data sets, catastrophe models and evolving actuarial science.
With Risk Rating 2.0, FEMA now has the capability and tools to address rating disparities by incorporating more flood risk variables. These include flood frequency, multiple flood types — river overflow, storm surge, coastal erosion and heavy rainfall — and distance to a water source along with property characteristics such as elevation and the cost to rebuild.
Currently, policyholders with lower-valued homes are paying more than their share of the risk while policyholders with higher-valued homes are paying less than their share of the risk. Because Risk Rating 2.0 considers rebuilding costs, FEMA can equitably distribute premiums across all policyholders based on home value and a property’s unique flood risk.
What’s Not Changing Under Risk Rating 2.0?
We are upholding statutory requirements by:
Limiting Annual Premium Increases
Existing statutory limits on rate increases require that most rates not increase more than 18% per year.
Using Flood Insurance Rate Maps (FIRMs) for Mandatory Purchase and Floodplain Management
FEMA’s flood map data informs the catastrophe models used in the development of rates under Risk Rating 2.0. That is why critical flood mapping data is necessary and essential for communities. It informs floodplain management building requirements and the mandatory purchase requirement.
We are maintaining features to simplify the transition to Risk Rating 2.0 by offering premium discounts to eligible policyholders. This means:
- FEMA will continue to offer premium discounts for pre-FIRM subsidized and newly mapped properties.
- Policyholders will still be able to transfer their discount to a new owner by assigning their flood insurance policy when their property changes ownership.
- And, discounts to policyholders in communities who participate in the Community Rating Systemwill continue. Communities will continue to earn National Flood Insurance Program rate discounts of 5% – 45% based on the Community Rating System classification. However, since Risk Rating 2.0 does not use flood zones to determine flood risk, the discount will be uniformly applied to all policies throughout the participating community, regardless of whether the structure is inside or outside of the Special Flood Hazard Area.
What percentage of policyholders would expect to see increases or decreases in premiums?
FEMA has completed an actuarial analysis and is committed to implementing Risk Rating 2.0 in a transparent way. Click here for the national rate analysis infographic.
For additional information and links about FEMA’s “Risk Rating 2.0” plans, please click here.